Meet Your Professors

Dr. Christine Famega

Dr. Christine Famega

Associate Professor
Phone: (909) 537-5285
Room: SB-209A

Dr. Famega received her B.A. from the University of Manitoba in Canada, her M.S. from Minot State University, ND, and her Ph.D. from the University of Cincinnati, OH. Prior to arriving at CSUSB, Dr. Famega served as the Assistant Editor for the journal Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management. She also worked for the Narcotics and the Investigations Divisions of the North Dakota State Bureau of Criminal Investigation (BCI).

Dr. Famega's research and scholarship have centered around several National Institute of Justice (NIJ), sponsored grants for implementing and evaluating police technology and programs.

Research includes:

  • Evaluations of technology used to identify and locate random shots fired incidents ("Field Evaluation of the System for the Effective Control of Urban Environment Security [SECURES TM]" and "A Field Evaluation of the Shots Potter Gunshot Location System").
  • A systematic social observation study of street-level and community and patrol officers over a 13 month period ("Street-Level Policing Efforts in Cincinnati: The Content of Community and Traditional Policing and the Perceptions of Policing Audiences" ).
  • An assessment of the implementation and impact of non-emergency call systems on police patrol operations in Baltimore, MD; Dallas, TX; Phoenix, AZ; and Buffalo, NY ("Reducing Non-Emergency Calls to 911: An Assessment of Four Approaches to Handling Citizen Calls for Service").
  • A randomized experimental evaluation of Broken Windows Policing in three California cities (Broken Windows Policing: A Randomized Experimental Evaluation of its Impacts on Disorder, Fear and Crime in Three Cities").

Dr. Famega has also worked with the City of San Bernardino Mayor's Office on "Operation Phoenix", and the San Bernardino County Police Chiefs and Sheriff's Association on a study of "Police Response to Burglar Alarms." She served as the 2009-2010 President of the Western Society of Criminology.

  • Organizational context of proactive and reactive policing
  • Police technology
  • Program and policy evaluation
  • Criminological theory
Dr. Larry Gaines

Dr. Larry Gaines

Professor and Chair
Phone: (909) 537-5508
Room: SB-209P

Dr. Gaines is professor and chair of the Criminal Justice Department. He joined the department in 1998, and previously he served as chair of the Police Studies Department at Eastern Kentucky University. Dr. Gaines received his Ph.D. in criminal justice from Sam Houston State University in 1975. He is interested in a variety of topics in law enforcement and crime studies. He has published extensively in these areas.

He brings a variety of experiences to the department. First, he has considerable law enforcement experience. He has experience with the Kentucky State Police and the Lexington, Kentucky Police Department. While at Eastern Kentucky, he also served as the Executive Director of the Kentucky Association of Chiefs of Police for 14 years. He has consulted with a variety of police agencies in Kentucky, Ohio, Tennessee, Georgia, and California.

Dr. Gaines has substantial academic and professional service. He served as Secretary Treasurer of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences in 1984 and 1985, and served as President of the Academy in 1988. He has served as the Managing Editor of the American Journal of Criminal Justice and has served on the editorial board of Justice Quarterly. In 1991, he received the Founders Award from the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, and in 1995, he received the Outstanding Educator Award from the Southern Criminal Justice Association and the Outstanding Service Award from the Police Section of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. From 1984 to 1992, he served as the Kentucky representative to the States' Association of Chiefs of Police, a division of the International Association of Chiefs of Police. In 1997, he was appointed to the Kentucky Attorney General's Task Force on Prescription Drug Diversion. He currently serves on the San Bernardino County Sheriff's Academy Advisory Council and the San Bernardino County Public Safety Training & Education Committee. In 2001, he served as a member of the California POST Committee that developed police training curricula for racial profiling.

  • Racial Profiling and Police Traffic Stop Data Analysis
  • Community Policing
  • Gangs
  • Criminal Justice Program Evaluation
  • Drug Enforcement
  • Homeland Security
  • Janine Kremling
Dr. Janine Kremling

Dr. Janine Kremling

Assistant Professor
Phone: (909) 537-5566
Room: SB-209H

Dr. Kremling received her Ph.D. from the University of South where she also taught several classes between 2004 and 2007. Her dissertation examines the influence of sampling methods on the estimation of drug use prevalence and patterns among arrestees in the United States.Dr. Kremling's primary research interests are in the field of capital punishment and racial discrimination, as well as drug use research.

  • Capital Punishment
  • Racial Discrimination
  • Corrections
  • Drug Use and Abuse Comparative Criminal Justice Systems
Dr. Deborah Parsons

Dr. Deborah Parsons

Assistant Dean
Phone: (909) 537-7500
Room: SB-207F

Prior to arriving at CSUSB, Dr. Deborah Parsons received a bachelor's degree from University of California, Irvine and graduated Summa Cum Laude. She then went on to earn a Master's degree from CSULB, receiving the award for Most Outstanding Thesis. While working towards a Ph.D. in Social Ecology at UCI, Dr. Parsons received Outstanding Teaching Assistant Award and was awarded the UCI Regent's Dissertation Fellowship. While completing her education and presently, Dr. Parsons works as a reserve police officer.

In general, Dr. Parsons' research interests focus on policing issues, with a special emphasis on the challenges of female police officers. As a former municipal police officer, Dr. Parsons possesses insight into these challenges. Her research and experience is combined in a recently published book with co-author Dr. Paul Jesilow. Although, the experiences of female police officers continues to be a central area of interest, Dr. Parsons is developing other areas within policing to study. Her experience and academic knowledge combine to give her added credibility with students. Dr. Parsons was recently nominated for a Golden Apple Award for Most Outstanding Professor.

  • Gender issues in law enforcement
  • Discrimination and affirmative action legislation
  • Domestic violence
  • Police handling of juvenile offenders
  • Police perceptions of their careers
  • Police administration and organization
Dr. Steve Tibbets

Dr. Steve Tibbets


Stephen G. Tibbetts has been pursuing an understanding of criminal offending for the past two decades. He has attempted to discover the extent to which individuals inherent dispositions and attitudinal traits contribute to their offending decisions, especially in relation to other factors, such as demographic, developmental, and situational factors. Dr. Tibbetts' research has included work on the differences between men and women in their decisions to commit deviant behavior, as well as their perceptions of risk and consequences of getting caught. His additional research interests include the effects of perinatal disorders as an influence in future criminality, the etiology of white-collar crime, gang intervention, and citizens' attitudes regarding various forms of pornography.

Dr. Tibbetts taught at East Tennessee State University for four years prior to coming to CSUSB. He served as a Court Appointed Special Advocate in Washington County, Tennessee, for several years, in which he directed the disposition of numerous juvenile court cases. He continued this work as a child advocate in San Bernardino County from 2000 to 2006.

Dr. Tibbetts was awarded the Golden Apple Award in Spring 2011 for being chosen Outstanding Professor at CSUSB. He also received the Outstanding Professional Development College Award in Spring 2009.

  • Criminological Theory
  • Juvenile Delinquency/Juvenile Justice
  • Methodological Issues and Data Analysis
  • Gender Differences in Deviance
  • Personality and Psychometric Factors in Criminal Behavior
  • Biosocial Theories of Deviance
  • Program Evaluation and Consultation
  • Gang Intervention and Prevention